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In 1952, Virginia Apgar invented a method for quickly assessing the health of a newborn.
Virginia’s “APGAR” score, still in use at hospitals around the world, allows physicians to evaluate a newborn baby on five simple criteria, each on a scale of 0 - 2. The individual scores are summed, creating an overall score that ranges from 0 to 10.
A low score necessitates immediate intervention to further assess what’s wrong, improving the odds of the child’s long-term welfare.